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Java Vs Python

Java VS Python, which one is better?

Java and Python are the two most trending and powerful languages of these times and it is quite common to get confused when it comes to picking one out of the two. Now the most common question asked by the beginners is which one is better Java or python. In this article, we will talk about how both languages differ from one another and which one fits your goal better.

The number of programming languages used in production and day-to-day life has seen enormous growth in the last decade now from those bustling numbers. We are going to narrow our focus to the two most popular languages that have created quite a buzz among the developers as well as the beginners. So let's begin with a brief introduction of both the languages

Java vs Python Brief Introduction

Java is one of the most fundamental languages that produces software for multiple platforms and the best thing is that it is machine independent and can be written once and run anywhere.
Python, on the other hand, is a simple easy to read and high-level programming language, but the programmer mostly falls in love with it because of the increased productivity that it provides.
Both of these have been the two most popular and controversial languages of the decade. So let s move ahead and take a look at the various aspects of comparison that will help us to find an answer to the question of which one is better out of the two? we talk about speed, Legacy, code, databases, practical agility, trends, salary, syntax of java and python.

Java  Vs Python performance.


If we take a look at the performance of java and python, the former is a statically typed programming language, which makes it faster. Where is the later is an interpreter which determines the type of data at runtime thus making it slower comparatively

Java vs Python legacy.

When it comes to Legacy, Java's history in the Enterprise and the world was coding style are typically larger and more numerous where is python has less Legacy problem, which makes it difficult for the organizations to copy and paste codes.

Java code vs Python code.

Now both the languages are pretty simple and easy to write but if we look at the length of both the codes python consists of less number of lines or shorter codes as compared to Java which is  also easy to understand
another characteristic is the databases java database connectivity is most popular and widely used to connect whereas pythons database access layers are weaker than JDBC that is why it is rarely used in Enterprises

Java practical agility vs Python practical agility.


Now if I look at the Practical agilityJava provides more undeviating refactoring support then python because of its static type system and universality of IDE for the development of mobile and web applications. But python has become a popular choice for all the recent Technologies, like data science, machine learning, IoT, and artificial intelligence.

Java trends vs Python trends.

 Next up, If we look at the search results of  US and India in the last five years the US has seen a drastic drift in the domination of both languages there has been significant growth in the search for python whereas the other has seen a gradual decrease in the graph. India has also seen growth in the case of python.

Java salary vs Python salary.


The next feature of comparisons is the salary growth of java engineers and python Engineers based on their experience. We can see that there has been a steady growth in both the situations over a certain period of time now if we compare the growth of both the engineers in the case of freshers python has a little Edge over java due to its increased demand in the recent times nowadays. The jobs are mostly related to Automation and artificial intelligence. Which prefers to Know what Java and that s exactly why we can see the shift in the graph. Whereas if we look at the growth in case of experienced Engineers Java dominates over the time because Java has been in use way before python became popular and the experienced Engineers find it convenient for them to stick to their comfort zone instead of moving to a new language.

Java Syntax Vs Python Syntax.

Now, let us have a look at one of the most important aspects that make Java and python different from each other and this might help you to finally decide the winner out of that two let's have a look at some of the basic differences.Java is a compiled programming language and the source code is compiled down to bytecode by the Java compiler and the byte code is executed by a Java virtual machine on the other hand Python is an interpreted language as the translation occurs at the same time as the program is being executed now Java supports encapsulation inheritance. Polymorphism and abstraction, which makes it an object-oriented language python is also an object-oriented language, but it has an added advantage. It is also a scripting language and it is easy to write scripts in Python. Now statically typed programming languages do type checking at compile-time as opposed to run time. Whereas the dynamically typed programming languages do type checking at runtime as opposed to compile-time and it helps you write a little quicker because you do not have to specify types every time next if we compare the number of lines in a code python can perform the same action with fewer lines than the same code written in Java in this example. We are printing the statement hello world using both the languages but in Java, we need to define a class and the main functions which makes it a 3 line code already.

Where are we can just use the print function for the statement? Case of python in Java programming language if you miss the semicolon at the end of a statement, it will throw an error but there is no such need of any semicolon to end the statement in case of python now another important difference in the syntax of both. The languages are the indentation in Java. You must Define a particular block using curly braces. Otherwise, the code won't work. But in the case of python, there is no such sight of any curly braces, even though indentation is mandatory. It also improves the readability of the code.

So if we take a closer look at all these aspects of comparison, we can say that Python has a slight Edge over java and it would be fair to declare the former as the winner in this battle. So, what do you think do let us know about your opinion in the comment section below and also mention other aspects where you think Python wins over Java till then?

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